Alfred the Great
History of Wedmore Somerset
10 historical Facts to ponder on.
1. The name Wedmore means "Hunting Lodge" or "Hunting Moor" in
2. ln 1853, 200 Saxon silver coins were dug up in the churchyard.
3. ln the Domesday Book, Wedmore belongs to the Bishop of Wells.
It was then worth €20 4. The Market Cross in The Borough is nearly 700 years old.
Judge Jeffreys is believed to have used it as a gallows
5. 60 Wedmore men died in the First World War. 6. In the 14th Century, the Lerburne was a river 30m wide.
7. ln 1553, The Manor of Wedmore was sold by Queen Mary for the princely sum of €585 8. 500 years ago, Wedmore had 6 pubs, of these, only The George remains.
9. There has been a school in Wedmore since '1707
10. Wedmore has 127 listed buildings and monuments of which St. Mary's is listed Grade 1
Read the following for an excellent background to Wedmore's history from middle ages to today!
Iron Age remains have been found in the area, and there are a number of Roman sites in the district.
The name Wedmore in Old English probably means hunting lodge and there was a Saxon royal estate in the area. Centwine gained control of the area in 682 and named it 'Vadomaer' after one of the Saxon leaders Vado the famous. After winning the Battle of Ethandun, Alfred the Great caused the Viking leader Guthrum and his followers to be baptised at Aller and then celebrated at Wedmore. After this the Vikings withdrew to East Anglia.
The Treaty of Wedmore is a term used by historians for an event referred to by the monk Asser in his Life of Alfred, outlining how in 878 the Viking leader Guthrum accepted Alfred the Great as his adoptive father. No such treaty still exists but there is a document that is not specifically linked to Wedmore that is a Treaty of Alfred and Guthrum. Alfred then left Wedmore to his son Edward the Elder.
Sherborne Abbey - Sherborne, Doreset
Plaque reads: Near this spot were interned the mortal remains of Ethelbald and of Ethelbert his brother.
Each of whom in his turn succeeded to the throne of Ethelwilf their father, King of the West Saxons
and were succeeded in the kingdom by their youngest brother King Alfred the Great.
Alfred the Great (Old English: Ælfrēd, Ælfrǣd, "elf counsel"; 849 – 26 October 899) was King of Wessex from 871 to 899.
Alfred successfully defended his kingdom against the Viking attempt at conquest, and by his death had become the dominant ruler in England. He is the only English monarch to be accorded the epithet "the Great". Alfred was the first King of the West Saxons to style himself "King of the Anglo-Saxons". Details of his life are described in a work by the 10th century Welsh scholar and bishop Asser. Alfred was a learned and merciful man who encouraged education and improved his kingdom's legal system and military structure.
For a very recent article (Jan 2014) from The UK Daily Telegraph about discoveries of Alfred the Great click here.
For a very comprehensive archeological assessment presented by Claire Gathercole, which is an excellent paper that describes Wedmore's development over the ages, provided by a Somerset County Council urban survey initiative - click here.
Wedmore was part of the hundred of Bempstone.
In 1853 a hoard of 200 silver coins dating from the Saxon period was found in the churchyard. In 1998 a Saxon ring, made of copper alloy with a unique knot design, dating from the 6th or 7th century was found in the village by Tim Purnell. It has been authenticated by the British Museum and a modern copy made by local jeweller Erica Sharpe.
According to Domesday Book, Wedmore was one of the holdings of the Bishop of Wells with 18 cottages, woodlands, pasture and two fisheries.
In the medieval period Wedmore was the centre for the surrounding agricultural area, with weekly markets as well as a larger annual one. The market cross dates from the 14th century.
In the 17th century Dr John Westover built a mental hospital to which patients came from all over the West Country. This is believed to have been England's first private lunatic asylum. Apparently the doctor treated his patients compassionately, ensuring that they had luxuries such as playing cards and tobacco. He kept a record of the ailments of Wedmore people over a period of 15 years.
The George Inn
The (Old) Post Office dates from Georgian times, while the Old Vicarage was built at the end of the 15th century. The George Hotel was a 16th-century coaching inn. John Tonkin built a fashionable house, in the Italianate style, which is now the pharmacy.
In 1799 Hannah More established a Sunday School for children in Wedmore in the face of opposition from the vicar and local gentry.
Between 1881 and 1898 the Rev Hervey produced the Wedmore Chronicle which gives a picture of the people and area at the time.
Please visit the IoW Website's - History and Genealogy pages:
- "Welcome to the Official Website of Wedmore Parish Council". Wedmore parish Council. http://www.parish-council.com/Wedmore/. Retrieved 30 September 2009.
- "Censusn 2001: Parish Headcounts: Sedgemoor". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. http://www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/viewFullDataset.do?instanceSelection=03070&productId=779&$ph=60_61&datasetInstanceId=3070&startColumn=1&numberOfColumns=8&containerAreaId=790507. Retrieved 5 November 2011.
- ^ Gathercole, Clare. "A brief history of Wedmore". Somerset Urban Archaeological Survey. Somerset County Council. http://www1.somerset.gov.uk/archives/hes/downloads/EUS_WedmoreText.pdf. Retrieved 2 February 2010.
- a b c Williams, Robin (1992). The Somerset Levels. Ex Libris Press. p. 39. ISBN 0-948578-38-6.
- ^ Simon Keynes and Michael Lapidge, Alfred the Great: Asser's Life of King Alfred and Other Contemporary Sources, (London: Penguin,1983)
- ^ Scott, Shane (1995). The hidden places of Somerset. Aldermaston: Travel Publishing Ltd. p. 92. ISBN 1-902007-01-8.
- ^ "Bempstone Hundred". A Vision of Britain Through Time. http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/relationships.jsp?u_id=10152689. Retrieved 10 September 2011.
- ^ "Wedmore ring". Mendip Times 2 (7): 14. December 2006.
- ^ "Market Cross and railed enclosure". Images of England. English Heritage. http://www.imagesofengland.org.uk/Details/Default.aspx?id=435169. Retrieved 28 August 2010.
- ^ "The Casebook of John Westover of Wedmore, Surgeon, 1686-1700". Wedmore Genealogy Pages. http://www.tutton.org/content/Westover_journal.pdf. Retrieved 28 August 2010.
- ^ Neale, F (November 1969). "A 17th century country doctor. John Westover of Wedmore". Practitioner 203 (217): 699–704. PMID 4904425.
- ^ "Post Office". Images of England. English Heritage. http://www.imagesofengland.org.uk/Details/Default.aspx?id=435657. Retrieved 28 August 2010.
- ^ "The Old Vicarage". Images of England. English Heritage. http://www.imagesofengland.org.uk/Details/Default.aspx?id=435656. Retrieved 28 August 2010.
- ^ "The George Hotel". Images of England. English Heritage. http://www.imagesofengland.org.uk/Details/Default.aspx?id=435652. Retrieved 28 August 2010.
- ^ "No 1 Church Street Shop and house". Images of England. English Heritage. http://www.imagesofengland.org.uk/Details/Default.aspx?id=435643. Retrieved 28 August 2010.
- ^ Dunning, Robert (1980). Somerset & Avon. Bartholomew. pp. 140. ISBN 0-7028-8380-8.
- ^ Williams, Robin (1992). The Somerset Levels. Ex Libris Press. pp. 48. ISBN 0-948578-38-6.
Some of the above information has been taken from Wikipedia with their kind permission. A link to the full Wiki article follows: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wedmore#cite_note-16
However, the information could be updated - can you help and we will try again to update Wiki!